MTU debugging

First written 2022-01-09; Last updated 2022-01-09

This page lists useful commands and constants when debugging MTU issues.


Send ICMP/ICMPv6 ping packets and prohibit fragmentation (local and remote via DF flag) to check if the whole network path supports packets of a certain size:

ping -Mdo -s $size $host

The size is the ICMP payload, see below for the values to subtract from the expected MTU.

Show the current MTU for a given target host (possibly via PTMUD) on GNU/Linux (works for IPv4 and IPv6):

ip r g $ip
ip route get $ip  # long form


Protocol examples

Overhead for some protocols; in parentheses the maximum payload (data) size with an MTU of 1500 and 1492 (PPPoE):

  • ICMP ping: 28 (1472, 1464)

  • ICMPv6 ping: 48 (1452, 1444)

  • WireGuard over IPv4: 60 (1440, 1432)

  • WireGuard over IPv6: 80 (1420, 1412)

Last updated 2022-01-09

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